It is estimated that obesity or overweight causes more than 2.8 million deaths around the globe each year and the majority of peoples is suffering the obesity worldwide and it is increasing rapidly. Overweight and obesity are two major causes of several serious health problems and they leads towards unsympathetic metabolic effects on blood pressure, triglycerides, cholesterol and insulin resistance etc. Overweight and fatness increase the risk of several diseases like as some types of cancer: breast, colon, prostate, kidney and gall bladder, type 2 diabetes, stroke, heart diseases, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, nonalcoholic and promotes the mortality rates in human.
Before proceeding further, there is need to analyze the difference between overweighting and obesity briefly: Obesity is the health condition where your body accumulates the excess amount of fat. Overweight is a health condition when your body has the excess amount of body weight that comes from bones, muscles, fat and water. These can be measured by your weight and height statistic measure called BMI (Body Mass Index). If your BMI is less than 26 then you are normal, if it is falling in 26 to 29.9 then you are overweight and if it is 30 or over then you will be considered obese.
Now we come towards the causes of obesity in men as well as in women: The major cause of fatness or weight gaining is the energy imbalance in your body. Your body needed the energy to perform various functions and to grow. While the amount of energy or calories that your body takes from foods is remain equal to the amount of energy or calories that your body burn or consumed then your weight remains same but when the calories which are taken increases as compared to which are consumed it boosts the energy imbalance and arises the obesity or fatness. Energy imbalance is not only the single cause also, there are several other factors that promotes the weight problem in men and women some most high up among them are listed below.
Inactive Life Style: Life style plays in important role in health development of any person in the world. Moving less encourages the energy imbalance. In a sedentary life style you may not be able to burn the amount of calories as you consume or eat and this promotes the energy imbalance which is the major cause of being obese. An active life style is also helpful to get rid from diseases like as heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, colon cancer, and other health problems.
Modern and Luxurious Living Standard: Availability of all accessories or home appliances and accessories like as TV, refrigerators, washing machines, cars, air-conditions are leading factor effecting the obesity indirectly because they discourages the physical activities especially in women.
Sociality and Economically Status: Social and economical status causes the weight gaining problems especially in low income people because they have less access to healthy and qualitative foods and taking a part in physical activities. Due to lack of resources people are unable to their bodies’ treatments in order to keep fit and fine themselves.
Low Standard Foods: Low standard or inferior quality food is a leading cause several health problem. Not availability of good food is a main problem which promotes the obesity. By eating inferior quality foods this disease may be promoted in human. On the other hand fast foods are leading cause of fat accumulation in our bodies.
Genes and Family Background: Genes play an important role in the health development. Your genes may affect the amount of fat in your body and you may carry the extra fat. Children also adopt the habits of their parents. Some time parental obesity may put the children in the risk of fatness.
Emotional Factors: Some people having low control on their emotions. Usually they eat more while they are angry, happy, and sad this cause the fat accumulation in their body leads them toward to be obese.
Environmental Factors: Several environmental factors promote the weight gaining like as lack of the availability of walk places, eating and working schedules, lack of standard food access and life style behaviors may lead towards weight problems.
Smoking or Use of Drugs: Nicotine and use of alcoholic material affects the process of calories burning in body and promote the energy imbalance and other fat problems. Irregular smoking also plays a vital role in fat gaining.
Lack of Sleep: Lack of sleep is major cause of obesity in both male and females. Usually people sleep fewer hours prefer to eat those foods which increase the calories in body that lead toward weight gaining. Proper sleep is very helpful to maintain the energy level in your body. Medical research tells us that sleep effects the way of reacting your body to hormone that controls your body sugar level, while your sleep less than normal hours it increases the blood sugar level that encourage the risk of diabetes.
Pregnancy: While the women are in pregnancy they usually gain their weight to support the development and growth of their babies and they fails to lose their weight after giving the birth to baby this is the major cause of women fatness.
Illness and Medications: During operations certain medicines like as corticosteroids, antidepressants, and seizure medicines may cause the weight gaining in patients because these slow the calories burning rate of your body and lead to the state of energy imbalance.
Weight losing or getting the right level of fitness and healthy life style is not a thing which can be said as an “impossible”. One can cut his extra weight and get fitness by controlling the several issues have been discussed above by conducting a weighting losing plan. Several medical authorities are taking numerous steps in order to health and fitness development of the peoples by introducing lose weight programs professional and commercial level which are being developed by the health professional according to your all weight losing needs and requirements.